NeuroSport Explained

Empower NeuroSport is a science based supplement designed to support optimal mental and physical sports performance

Scroll down to read how essential Empower’s unique Glutathione & B Vitamin formula is to improve and maintain athletic performance

Ryan Green – Testimonial

2011 Australian Open 162“As a professional water skier I am always looking to get that upper edge! I was just coming off a knee reconstruction and had been out of the sport for 12 months. It was a hard road back, I was asking questions to myself like, “Am I ever going to get back to 100%?”

I was doubting my ability and felt that it was all just too hard! I then started talking to a friend of mine who mentioned this great new product called NeuroSport. He explained all the benefits and straight away I wanted to try this product. I started taking NeuroSport and the results were amazing! My head became so much clearer, I could focus so much better! Not only was I finding a difference in my water skiing but I was finding a huge difference in everyday life. I have two children who are 1 and 3 and I was even finding with them that things that would stress me out all of a sudden were not an issue. I believe NeuroSport has made me focus better on my water skiing but more importantly on raising two beautiful children.

2011 Australian Open 19-20Feb 429Since coming back to competing after more than 12 months off I have Won the Asian Australasian Championships in Indonesia, won the Australian Open in Port Macquarie and have just recently finished Fourth at the Moomba Masters International held in Melbourne. Thanks to NeuroSport for getting my career back on track!”

B Complex Vitamins

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The B complex vitamins are required for carbohydrate metabolism and production of cellular energy. Blood sugar imbalance results in energy dips and affects physical and mental performance. Without sufficient glucose, muscular and brain function will be impaired.

Government set RDAs (Recommended Daily Amounts) for B vitamins are based on levels required to prevent severe deficiency symptoms. They do not take into account the demands placed on the body by exercise which increases energy turnover vitamin requirements.

Blood testing for B vitamins (apart from B12 and folate which even then is not part of a routine blood screen) is not widely available on the NHS. Blood levels are not a thoroughly reliable indicator of deficiency anyway, since they do not reflect tissue levels in the brain and nervous system. Clinical signs and symptoms, taking into lifestyle factors that increase demand for B vitamins,  are a acceptable means of assessing deficiency.

B vitamins are required for a variety of physical and mental functions. B6 is required for synthesis of GABA, a calming neurotransmitter and also for formation of other neuro-transmitters, seratonin, dopamine and adrenalin. Seratonin is involved in mood and healthy sleep patterns. Vitamin B6 is  also essential for enzymatic breakdown of glycogen stores for fuel.  Protein loading will increase the need for B6.

B12  has a very important relationship to mental health. Impaired memory, concentration and learning ability result from deficiency.  Inadequate B12 leads to iron deficiency even when iron is being supplemented and this will adversely affect energy levels and performance. B12 is found predominantly in animal food sources therefore vegetarians and vegans may be vulnerable to lack of this vitamin.

Folic Acid works closely with vitamin B12 and is essential to brain function. It is highly concentrated in spinal fluid and deficiency has been proven to cause neural tube defect in the unborn baby, leading to spina bifida.  Folic acid contributes to normal immune function and the average diet is vulnerable to folate deficiency due both to insufficient intake and the fragility of folic acid in storage and food processing.

Vitamin B1 Thiamin deficiency is linked with poor memory and concentration, nervousness, depression and mental confusion.

Vitamin B3  (niacin) deficiency causes pellagra, known as the disease of the “3 Ds”, dermatitis, diarrhoea and dementia. In a study, B3 supplementation improved memory between 10-40% across a mixed age group

Vitamin B2 contributes to the reduction of fatigue and cellular protection against oxidative stress. Research showed the need for Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)  was increased in healthy women doing moderate exercise.

In another study, athletes on a healthy diet were found to be deficient in vitamin B2.

Due to their water soluble nature, B vitamins need replacing regularly in the body, due to urinary excretion. In addition to the demands of exercise, tea, coffee, alcohol and excess dietary intake of refined carbohydrates and sugar deplete B vitamins as does stress.

 

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Glutathione 

Glutathione Molecular Structure

Glutathione Molecular Structure

Glutathione is a tri-peptide made in the cell from the amino acids, glycine, cysteine and glutamic acid. It has two main functions, acting as a powerful antioxidant and liver detoxifier.

Exercise leads to increased production of ATP in muscle cells. This in turn increases oxidation and free radical production. Without antioxidants such as vitamin E and glutathione, muscles will be overwhelmed with free radicals and more prone to injury, inflammation, fatigue and slower recovery time. Glutathione exerts powerful antioxidant protection from within the cell.

Supplies of glutathione are considerably reduced in the muscles and liver during stress and heavy exercise.

Glutathione production also decreases with age.

In addition to its antioxidant function, glutathione is involved in detoxification. Glutathione stores in the liver will be depleted by the many thousands of toxic substances in the environment.

Glutathione exists in both reduced (G-SH) and oxidised (GS-SG) forms in the body. The ratio of reduced to oxidised glutathione is used as a measure of cellular toxicity and oxidative stress.

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Why adequate Glutathione levels are ESSENTIAL for Athletes and Sportsmen.

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An athlete gets incomparable benefits from glutathione

  • Better workouts, faster recovery times, and improved athletic performance are just some of the benefits glutathione provides
  • Exercise increases our bodies need for more glutathione.
  • During a workout, the increased oxygen produces more Free Radicals
  • Our body then uses our antioxidant supply to neutralize these free radicals. This may deplete our glutathione supply.
  • One study showed that 90 minutes of exercise led to a 60% depletion of glutathione.
  • If the body isn’t supplied with more glutathione, then we will experience muscle fatigue, poor athletic performance, longer recovery times and be more susceptible to future injury.
  • However, by increasing our bodies glutathione levels, we can cut our recovery times in half and supply our muscle tissue with greater energy supply.

The benefits of increasing glutathione levels for all athletes, professional or not, are:

  • A rapid and stable increase in energy:

  • Increases stamina and endurance

  • Lessens muscle fatigue and exhaustion

  • Improves cardiovascular function

  • Reduces lactic acid

  • quickens recovery time

  • Strengthens the immune system

  • Protects your body from injury

  • Reduces muscle stress

  • Decreases inflammation

  • Feeds muscles

  • Maintains muscle growth

  • Noticeably improves athletic performance

  • Plus, if injury does occur, the increased glutathione levels speed up the healing process.

For those who want a true edge over the competition, supplementing your diet with NeuroSport and Sport Recovery Max  is a wise choice.

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Empower’s Unique Delivery System – 98% Bio-availability of Reduced Glutathione

If taken orally, normally glutathione is unlikely to survive the stomach acid without being broken down into its component amino acids.  However, Empower’s glutathione supplements are unique – here’s why:

Empower's unique re-cycling formula

Empower’s unique re-cycling formula

Glutathione needs to be in the reduced form to be effective.  NeuroSport and Sport Recovery MAX are novel formulations of reduced glutathione that is stabilised with a patented anthocyanin complex known as Recyclin. The presence of Recyclin allows the glutathione to be absorbed from the gut and to be absorbed into cells while remaining in its reduced form.

Glutathione in the Diet

Glutathione is produced in the cells from the amino acids, glycine, cysteine and glutamic acid. These amino acids are found in protein foods such as fish, chicken, eggs, meat, lentils, beans and pulses. Cysteine, however, is missing or deficient in many diets. In addition, digestive problems can lead to deficiency of amino acids despite adequate protein intake.

Fruit and vegetables supply glutathione peroxidase, an enzyme related to glutathione.  Glutathione itself is found in meat, fish, nuts and seeds. However since it is unlikely to survive the stomach acid without being broken down, supplementation is a useful means of obtaining glutathione. 

Who should take NeuroSport?

NeuroSport is suitable for professional and amateur sportspersons who wish to improve their mental and physical performance and have the edge over the competition. Professional athletes who have used Neuro Sport with great results include German Olympic gold medallist, Heike Dreschler and UK football player, Marcus Bent.

Recommended Intake

The suggested Intake is 1-3 tablets daily or as directed by a Healthcare Professional. NeuroSport works best on an empty stomach at least one hour away from food. If taking mineral or enzyme supplements a gap of 2 hours should be left before taking NeuroSport.

How long does NeuroSport take to Work?

NeuroSport begins to work within days of taking the supplement. Glutathione levels rise relatively quickly, reaching full potential within around 2 weeks.  Many of our customers report feeling a positive difference within only 5 days.

Is NeuroSport Safe?

 NeuroSport is generally very safe and side effect free. Because it contains moderate levels of nutrients, it can usually be used alongside medications under the guidance of a qualified healthcare practitioner.

Keep out of reach and sight of children

Active Ingredients

Composition (per capsule):

Vitamin E (D- Alpha tocopherol)                            60 mg

Vitamin B3 ( Nicotinamide)                                    20 mg

Reduduced glutathione (G-SH)*                           20 mg

L-cysteine                                                                   10 mg

Vitamin B6  (Pyridoxine HCl)                                   9 mg

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine HCl)                                      6.3 mg

Phosphatidylcholine                                                4 mg

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)                                           3.5 mg

Anthocyanins                                                          2 mg

Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin)                                      10 mcg

Folic Acid  (Folacin)                                                250 mcg

Pack size; 90 Tablets

Free from gluten, yeast, dairy, artificial flavours,

colours and preservatives

References

Pyke S., Lew H., Severe depletion in liver GSH during physical exercise. Biochem Biophys Res Comm;139:926-931.

Belko AZ., et al. Effects of exercise on riboflavin requirements of young women. Am J Clin Nutr:37;509-517. 1983.

Haralambie G. Vitamin B12 status in athletes and the influence of riboflavin administration on neuromuscular irritabilility. Nutr Metab:20;1.1976.

1986.Smith AD, Smith SM, de Jager CA, Whitbread P, Johnston C, Agacinski G, Oulhaj A, Bradley KM, Jacoby R, Refsum H. Homocysteine-Lowering by B Vitamins Slows the Rate of Accelerated Brain Atrophy in Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Oxford Project to Investigate Memory and Ageing, University of Oxford, 2010.

D. Benton et al., The impact of long-term vitamin supplementation on cognitive functioning. Psychopharmacology (Berl); 117 (3):298-305. 1995.

D. Benton et al., Thiamine supplementation mood & cognitive functioning. Psychopharmacology 87:390-5. 1985.

P. Godfrey et al., Lancet Aug 18:392-5. 1990.

Central nervous system changes in deficiency of B6 and other B complex vitamins. Nutrition Reviews 44:21-22. 1975. Acta Societatis Medicorum Upsaliensis Vol 72: 1-2.1967

Ellis & Nasser. A pilot study of B12 in the treatment of tiredness. British Journal Nutrition 30:277. 1973.

Loriaux S.M. et al., The effects of nicotinic acid & xanthinol nicotinate on human memory in different categories of age. A double blind study. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 87:390-5. 1985.

Is low folate a risk factor for depression? A meta analysis and exploration of heterogeneity. Gilbody S., et al. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health:61; 7.200.

R. Carmel et al., The frequently low cobalamin levels in dementia usually signify treatable metabolic, neurologic & electrophysiologic abnormalities. Eur J Haemotology 54(4): 245-53. 1995.

Swiecicki et al., Psychiatria Polska 26(5):399-409. 1992.

Beeb Dr W & Wendell Dr O. Preliminary observations of altered carbohydrate metabolism in psychiatric patients. Orthomolecular Psychiatry 1973.

Coppen A, Bolander-Gouaille C.

Treatment of depression: time to consider folic acid and vitamin B12. J Psychopharmacol.;19(1):59-65.2005.

Bernstein A.L. Vitamin B-6 in clinical neurology. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.  585: 250-60.1990.

Schneider D., et al. Blood glutathione: a biochemical index of aging women. Fed Proc Am Soc Exp Biol    1982.

Witschi A, Reddy S, Stofer B, Lauterburg BH. The systemic
availability of oral glutathione. Eur J Clin Pharmacol;43(6):667-9. PMID: 1362956.1992.

Ohlenschlager G, Treusch G. Reduced glutathione and anthocyans
Redox cycling and redox recycling in biological systems.
Praxis-Telegramm, Heft Nr. 6: Sonderbeilage; Ralf-
Reglin Verlag Köln. 1994

Praxis Telegramm Supplement to issue No. 6/94. Ohlenschläger G. & Treusch G.Reduced glutathione and anthocyans -Redox cycling and redox recyclingin biological systems. 1994.

Tokaigakuen Women’s College, Nagoya, Japan. Tsuda T, Horio F, Osawa T.  The role of anthocyanins as an antioxidant under oxidative stress in rats. Biofactors13(1-4):133-9. 2000.

Biotechnol J.;1(4):388-97. Weisel T, Baum M, Eisenbrand G, Dietrich H, Will F, Stockis JP, Kulling S, Rüfer C, Johannes C, Janzowski C.

An anthocyanin/polyphenolic-rich fruit juice reduces oxidative DNA damage and increases glutathione level in healthy probands. 2006.

 

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